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Citizenship of China

Citizenship of China

Citizenship information is based upon The Nationality Law of the People’s Republic of China (PRC), dated September 10, 1980. On December 20, 1999, Macao became a Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China. The citizenship laws concerning Macao are based on the Interpretations of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress on the Implementation of the Nationality Law of the People’s Republic of China in the Macao Special Administrative Region, dated December 20, 1999. Citizenship of China can be acquired in several ways: by birth, by descent, or by naturalization.

Citizenship by birth: Birth within the territory of the PRC does not automatically confer citizenship. The exception is a child born to unknown or stateless parents.

Citizenship by descent: Child, at least one of whose parents is a Chinese citizen, regardless of the country of birth. Child born abroad, whose parents have settled abroad and the child has acquired the nationality of the parents’ new country, is not considered a citizen of the PRC. Residents of Macao having a Chinese blood relationship, born on the territories of China (including Macao), as well as other persons of Chinese nationality, whether or not they hold Portuguese travel certificates or identity cards, are all Chinese citizens. Residents of the Macao Special Administrative Region having both a Chinese blood relationship and a Portuguese blood relationship may, in accordance with their personal wishes, choose either the nationality of the People’s Republic of China or the nationality of the Republic of Portugal. Selection of one of the nationalities shall mean the forgoing of the other nationality.

Citizenship by naturalization: Citizenship of China may be acquired upon fulfillment of one of the following conditions: Person has close relatives living in China; person has settled in China; or, the person has other legitimate reasons.

Restoration of Chinese nationality: Foreign nationals who once held Chinese nationality may apply for restoration of Chinese nationality if they have legitimate reasons. Once the application is approved the person may not retain the foreign nationality. Dual citizenship is not recognized.

Loss of citizenship: Voluntary renunciation of Chinese citizenship is permitted by law, upon fulfillment of at least one of certain requirements. The requirements are: Person is a near relative of a foreign national. Person has already settled abroad. Person has other legitimate reasons. State functionaries and military personnel are not permitted to renounce citizenship of China.

The information about The Nationality Law of China is provided for reference only. We do not work with Chinese immigration legislation. But if you live in China and wish to immigrate to the USA, UK or Canada through investment route, or you wish to obtain another citizenship and renounce Chinese one, you may contact us today for further information.


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